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Blackhorse Road A Novel of Women's Fiction



Five Stars on AMAZON and Barnes and Noble


It's the turbulent mid-1960s, and Luci, an eighteen-year-old Southern California girl, is on the quest for self-determination and new beginnings. Three powerful forces influence her values: the grit of her Irish great-grandmother, Lucinda McCormick; the philosophy of choice of her father, Sam; and the 1960s ideals of equity and altruism. But potent foes thwart Luci at every turn. Her budding romance with a handsome United States Air Force Academy cadet sets the stage for conflict and deception that last for two decades. A betrayal set into motion by someone she should have been able to trust plunges her into despair. When Luci discovers how her autonomy and her love affair were hijacked, she struggles with anger and bitterness. But from a surprising source, she finds a forgiveness path that restores her well-being and hope and, in the end, faith in herself.


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Resources Used

Several resources were used Several resources were used to provide historical or geographical context. 

Below is a partial list categorized by topic.



Buffalo, New York

An Oral and Visual History of Buffalo Movie Houses. https://www.buffaloah.com/h/movie/oral/index.html


Fox, W. 2017. Segregation Along Highway Lines: How the Kensington Expressway Reshaped Buffalo, New York. https://arts-sciences.buffalo.edu/content/dam/arts-sciences/history/documents/FINAL-Segregation-Along-Highway-Lines-by-Will-Fox.pdf


Cazenovia Park http://www.pbs.org/wned/frederick-law-olmsted/learn-more/olmsteds-buffalo-park-system-and-its-stewards/



Davis, Mike. Chapter 15: Fontana Junkyard of Dreams in Working People of California. UC Press E-Books Collection, 1982-2004. https://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft9x0nb6fg&chunk.id=d0e13673&toc.depth=1&toc.id=d0e13673&brand=ucpress#X


Fairmont Park https://www.kcet.org/socal-focus/olmsted-planned-park-in-inland-california-lives-on

Dick Dale and the Del Tones http://mizging.blogspot.com/2012/02/first-dance.html



Berton, Pierre. 2001. The Invasion of Canada 1812-1813. Anchor Canada.


Danylewycz, Marta, Beth Light and Alison Prentice. 1983. The Evolution of the Sexual Division of Labour in Teaching: A Nineteenth-Century Ontario and Quebec Case Study. Histoire sociale -Social History, Vol. XVI, W 31 (mai-May 1983): 81-109. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f035/b4d090d6bd38dcaf58abd30b1087c201a91d.pdf


History. 7 Times the U.S.-Canada Border Wasn't So Peaceful. https://www.history.com/news/7-times-the-u-s-canada-border-wasnt-so-peaceful


Laskin, Susan, Beth Light, and Alison Prentice. 1882. Studying the History of Occupation: Quantitative Sources on Canadian Teachers in the Nineteenth Century. Archivaria. https://archivaria.ca/index.php/archivaria/article/download/10941/11873


Marsh, John. 1995. With the Tide. With The Tide Recollections and Anecdotal Histories of the Town of Amherstburg and the Lower Detroit River District. Marsh Collection Society.


The Week - America's invasion of Canada: A Brief History. https://theweek.com/articles/473482/americas-invasion-canada-brief-history


Carousel History

Carousel History.  https://carouselhistory.com/historic-carousels-saved-1963-2010/


Carousel History in Fairmont Park:  http://www.jonra.com/village/history.shtml


Carousel music  http://music.carouselstores.com/


Carousel in Flint MI  https://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g42207-d2234542-i54717239-Crossroads_Village_Huckleberry_Railroad-Flint_Michigan.html


Irish Immigration

The History Place. Irish Potato Famine. http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/coffin.htm


Diseases and Conditions Aboard Coffin Ships. https://scalar.usc.edu/works/star-of-the-sea-a-postcolonialpostmodern-voyage-into-the-irish-famine/conditions-on-coffin-ships


Canadian immigration history: the arrival of the Irish. https://www.irish-genealogy-toolkit.com/Canadian-immigration-history.htm


Ancestry Boards: https://www.ancestry.com/boards/thread.aspx?mv=flat&m=141&p=localities.northam.canada.quebec.gaspesie.bonaventure


Carricks Shipwreck. https://www.ancestry.com/boards/localities.northam.canada.quebec.gaspesie.bonaventure/141


1847 North American Typhus Epidemic. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1847_North_American_typhus_epidemic


The Ship List – Port Arrivals in the Port of Quebeck 1847 http://www.theshipslist.com/1847/shipsjune1847.shtml


Irish Genealogy Tool Kit Canadian Immigration History https://www.irish-genealogy-toolkit.com/Canadian-immigration-history.html


Library Archives Canada Immigrants at Grosse-Ile Immigration Station http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/immigration-records/immigrants-grosse-ile-1832-1937/Pages/list.aspx?GivenName=Nellie&


Justice, Social and Women's Movements and Issues 

The New York Times. O'Leary, Margaret. 1922. "More Ado About the Flapper".


Pollitt, Katha. May 1997. Abortion in America History. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1997/05/abortion-in-american-history/376851/


Regan, Leslie. 2000. "Crossing the Border for Abortions: California Activists, Mexican Clinics, and the Creation of a Feminist Health Agency in the 1960s". Feminist Studies 26, no. 2 (summer 2000)


Moses, Paul. The Catholic Church's Hidden Shame: Priests Abused Grown Women, Too. The Daily Beast. https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-catholic-churchs-hidden-shame-priests-abused-grown-women-too


New York Times. June 12, 1966. Growers Score Catholic Church. Coast Group Says Pressure Was Used to Help Union.


Steerage Passengers-Emigrants Between Decks. http://www.norwayheritage.com/steerage.htm


Prohibition & Bootlegging in Windsor, Ontario https://www.tidridge.com/uploads/3/8/4/1/3841927/bootlegging_in_windsor.pdf


Space Cadet Walkie Talkie https://www.hakes.com/Auction/ItemDetail/91362/TOM-CORBETT-SPACE-CADET-ELECTRONIC-INTER-PLANET-2-WAY-PHONE-BOXED-WALKIE-TALKIE-SET


A shame filled prison—inside the maternity homes that forced teen moms to give away their babies.https://www.thelily.com/a-shame-filled-prison-inside-the-maternity-homes-that-forced-teen-moms-to-give-away-their-babies/


United States Air Force Academy

Banning, Earl. 2010. The Effect of Homesickness on Air Force Academy Cadets. PCOM Psychology Dissertations. Paper 155.


Mitchel., Vance. 1996. Air Force Officers Personnel Policy Development 1944-1974. Air Force History and Museums Program United States Air Force Washington, D.C. 1996


Do, James Joon Woo. 2015.  Crossing Into the Blue: Cadet Culture and Officer Development at the U.S. Air Force Academy. Sociology Graduate Theses & Dissertations. 50. https://scholar.colorado.edu/socy_gradetds/50